Considered to be one of the most prestigious courses a student can pursue, the abbreviation MBBS expands to mean Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. As the history of the abbreviation goes, it can be broken as MB, which means Medicinae Baccalaureus and B.S., meaning Bachelor of Surgery. One of the most prestigious degrees of recent times, but since generations, MBBS is one of the most reputed and one of the most challenging higher studies courses. The seriousness and importance of this degree can be analysed by the fact that this is an amalgamation of two major degrees in medicine, including in one domain. MBBS is an Undergraduate Academic Degree Course that entails the study of medicine and surgery. This course aims to give an academic understanding of concepts like medicine, chemistry, human anatomy, human cytology, pharmaceutical, chemistry, drugs formulation & effect and method of surgery through theoretical and practical experiences.
The MBBS Course is basically divided into three broad phases – pre-clinical, para-clinical and clinical. The syllabus comprises subject areas like Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Psychiatry, Dermatology, etc. The hands-on training is also imparted to students in different wards and departments of the hospital attached to their respective attached college during the course of the MBBS programme. The students learn different treatment stages and standard protocols like disease history, examination, diagnosing, and patient management etc., during their practical classes.
Let us have a look at all this information in detail:
MBBS Admission in India
A career in MBBS is considered a noble profession in the country and is highly rewarding at the same time. During the course of the MBBS programme, participants learn to examine the disease and prescribe medication to patients and get trained in counselling of patients and acquire the required communication skills to deal with their patients. After completing the MBBS programme, one can go for various career and job options like establishing own clinic, pursuing research, joining hospital chains etc.
Eligibility for MBBS
The eligibility criteria for pursuing MBBS are-
- The basic criteria to pursue MBBS are that the student should have completed his/her 10+2 examinations and scored a minimum of 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology by a recognized board.
- To apply for the medical entrance test, the applicant must be at least 17 years old on or before 31st December of the year of admission. The upper age limit being 25 years of age.
- The student also needs to give various other National Level Examination conducted by the CBSE, New Delhi, i.e. NEET 2018(National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test), to book their place in the 15% of the total seats of medical and dental courses of the likewise colleges run by the Union of India. Students also apply for AIIMS & JIPMER MBBS Entrance Exam, CET, AIMEE to get admission into the MBBS programme.
Though MBBS is an undergraduate programme, the course duration is five and a half years, unlike other graduate programmes. Generally, the duration of undergraduate programmes in India is three years except for UG Engineering programmes of four-year duration. The duration of the MBBS course is a five-and-a-half-year course, including one year of compulsory rotating internship, so actually, the academic course duration stands at four and a half years distributed in 9 semesters. The Medical Council of India formulates and handles the MBBS course structures because it is the only accredited medical course body in India. Unavailable in a distance course, many students are seen taking up MBBS course after their high secondary; this shows that no matter how tough it seems, it attracts a huge section of students who have a bent for science. The MBBS Course is regulated by the Medical Council of India (MCI). The theory and practical part are taught in four and a half years, followed by a mandatory rotatory internship of one year. In the study period of four and a half years, the semester system is followed for the MBBS Course, wherein candidates will be tested at various steps. Candidates check below the four parts of the MBBS course-
|Distribution of Semesters||Subjects Taught||Examinations|
|First and Second Semester||Pre-Clinical||1st Professional Examination|
|Third, Fourth and Fifth Semester||Para-Clinical||2nd Professional Examination|
|Sixth and Seventh Semester||Clinical||3rd Professional Examination Part I|
|Eighth and Ninth Semester||Clinical||3rd Professional Examination Part II|
General Structure of the Exam
The MBBS entrance test questions, especially the written ones, are a mix of physics, chemistry, and biology. For Biology questions, the main focus is generally on botany and zoology. In written tests, there is negative marking for the wrong answers most of the time, which is instructed in the paper itself. These exams, at times, also include personality tests, general knowledge questions, and English language questions.
What are students taught?
During the MBBS course, the students are taught about anatomy, pharmacology, pathology, physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, and many other medicinal areas. Further, after the MBBS programme, postgraduate programmes like MD (Doctor of Medicine) and MS (Master of Surgery) offer medicine and surgery specialisation, respectively. While pursuing an MBBS degree, students get in-depth theoretical and practical knowledge of performing standard clinical procedures. They also learn to determine the best treatment for the patients based on their history. During the mandatory one-year internship, the students are rotated across various specialities, which help them get first-hand experience managing ward and staff and conducting counselling to patients.
MBBS Course Fee & subjects
The MBBS course fee varies with institutions. For Central Government funded institutions like AIIMS, the course may be really nominal, like Rs. 10,000 per annum, but for other institutes like All India Quota, it may cost between Rs. 50,000- 2 Lakhs per annum.
- Human Anatomy
- General Medicine
- Human physiology, including biophysics
- Introduction to Humanities and community medicine
- Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
- Ear, Nose, and Throat
- Forensic medicine, including toxicology
- General medicine
- General surgery
- Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery Specialisations
Syllabus of MBBS degree (semester wise)
Total number of semesters-9
- Semester 1-2 (Pre-clinical): Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology.
- Semester 3-5 (Para-clinical): Community Medicine, Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings, OPDs.
- Semester 6-9 (Clinical): Community medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Paediatrics, Surgery and allied subjects, Clinical postings.
Internship Learning Schedule (12 months)
- Medicine- a speciality of duration 1.5 months.
- Surgery- Specialty of duration 1.5 months.
- Rural- a speciality of duration 3 months.
- Paediatrics- a speciality of duration 1 month.
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology- a speciality of duration 1 month.
- Casualty- duration 1month
- Anaesthesiology- duration 15 days
- Ophthalmology- duration 15 days
- Elective- duration 2 months
MBBS Employment Areas
- Self-owned clinics
- Biomedical Companies
- Nursing Homes
- Medical Colleges
- Medical Trusts
- Health Centres
- Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Companies
- Research Institutes
MBBS Job Profiles
- Junior doctors
- Junior Surgeons
- Medical Professor or Lecturer
- Anaesthetist/ Anaesthesiologist
- Medical Analyst
- Medical Reviewer
- Clinical Research Field
- Chief Medical Officer
- N.T Specialist
- General Surgeon
- Hospital Administrator
- Medical Admitting Officer
How much money can you make after you have completed your MBBS? After completing the MBBS degree, every student wants to know how much they will earn. The salary of the MBBS degree holder depends upon how much knowledge & experience you have. The initial salary of a medical graduate doctor may be Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 35,000 per month. After getting the experience and good hands-on in this field, the candidate may get a handsome salary of 8 to 10 lakh per annum, and if you are very successful, then a doctor can earn crores of rupees in hours. There are more job opportunities to work in the US and the UK in the medical field with handsome salaries.
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