Student in India are more stressed than ever. It is a growing problem not only in India but all over the world. India has one of the highest suicide rates among those aged 15 to 29. According to The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), Every hour one student commits suicide in India, an average of Twenty-eight students commit suicide every 24 hours during 2018. India saw 1.3 lakh suicides in 2018, of which students made up 8%, while 10% of them were unemployed people. The reasons are countless but failure in examination, unemployment, and depression are the major ones.The Psychologists assert that students suffer from anxiety and traumatic disorder relating to fear of examination and peer pressure from parents to push their children into getting better grades.Let’s check out the 5 main major reason behind the increment in stress:
Indian Education System:
The Indian education system is more inclined towards memorization and focuses on long systematic study hours hence leaving less time for recreational activities, and socialization which is a crucial part of the child’s development. The results of a 12th-grade student determine the choice of college or university he/she will get admission in. Students from science stream faces more stress because of very high competition in the entrance exams for different universities and colleges.
Students withstand parent’s pressure to score well in the exams. The fear of failure to do well in studies causes anxiety among students which bring negative effects on their academic and social success. Parent’s tendency to compare their children affects the self-worth of a child. The dignity of a student is determined merely by grades not on the basis of individual qualities they already do possess. In order to make their children concentrate and get better grades, Parents remove cable connection, internet, computer and take the cell phone of the student. In a recent survey, two-third (66%) students reported that their parents pressurize them for better academic performance and the pressure from non-graduate parents was more compared to parents those were graduates and post graduates.Sleep deprivation, eating disorders, excessive worrying, cheating, burnout, loss of interest in hobbies withdrawal from friends and family, smoking and usage of narcotics can be among the consequences of excess pressure. Every day, 6.23 students commit suicide due to the peer pressure; there must be something wrong that we do not understand.
Focus on Grades, not on learning
Grades centric education system and parent’s mindset makes the students forget the fun element in learning. If taught well, creatively or with live examples studies can become interesting. Teacher’s ability to sustain the interest of student on subject is very important. Sadly, it’s not only the students who underperform, teachers underperform too and there is no criteria to judge a teacher performance. More than 50% 12th students admitted of having more than 3 private tutors.
Children are pressurized from their parents to choose the career which they want. Due to orthodox thinking of parents who believe to put their ward in traditional courses like engineering and medical courses, instead of asking what their child wants results in the choosing the wrong course for their child after 12th Class. Students find themselves studying courses they have no interest in because of the future financial benefits. This leads to further stress on student in graduation as well as after. Inefficiency to study properly and get good grades reduce his chances to earn a good job. It leads to unemployment. Many This leaves the student stressed/mentally ill in college as well as after.
Lack of Support
One of the major key stress and anxiety causes for college students is being at the university itself. The diversity in people, cultures, and experiences can sometimes be an overload for a student coming from a different background, state or country. It’s even more difficult because many students also find themselves physically cut-off from their support systems and comfort zones, and in a new environment with its own rules and regulations. As soon as you are in college you are expected to be apt and responsible for all your everyday needs such as laundry, feeding, health, bank transactions, formal applications etc. Realising your inadequacies and limitations could result in crippling anxiety and depression.
Coming from a middle-class family, means that the bulk of your parents’ savings is going into your higher education, which means failing or not performing well is the same as pouring their money, life’s work and dreams down the drain. The financial pressure on college students is immense. Financial worry leaves many students stressed, anxious and often depressed because they have to think about the strain money has on their lives as well as the tension it leaves on their families.
How to help students get rid of stress?
Reduction of stress starts with home. Positive parenting is key to reduce the pressure among child. Parents should encourage their child. Encouraging child stepping stone to child’s success. Parents should interact with their child through playing, laughing and participating in fun or leisure activities with child. This builds friendship with child. Any advice from parents should not be sound like a commandment.At school, teacher should introspect their way of teaching. They should focus on making the studies more interactive and interesting. A teacher should also console with the parents on promoting the child learning at home.As every student has his own learning pace. Both parents and teachers could help the students to develop their own learning methods. Understanding that stress is a natural part of the experience can be comforting as well as a motivator to teach students the skills required to minimise the stress and combat it in instances where it can’t be controlled.
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